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Considerations on Field Methodology for Macrofungi Studies in Fragmented Forests of Mediterranean Agricultural Landscapes

Publicado en:Agronomy-Basel. 12 (2): - 2022-02-01 12(2), doi: 10.3390/agronomy12020528

Durán S.s.;


Centro de Investigaci?n y Tecnolog?a Agroalimentaria de Arag?n , Universidad de Zaragoza - Autor o Coautor
Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón - Entidad de origen
Ctr Invest & Tecnol Agroalimentaria Aragon CITA, Unidad Recursos Forestales, Avda Montanana 930, Zaragoza 50059, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Univ Salamanca, Dept Bot & Plant Physiol, Licenciado Mendez Nieto S-N, Salamanca 37007, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Univ Salamanca, Dept Stat, Campus Miguel de Unamuno,Alfonso X El Sabio S-N, Salamanca 37007, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Univ Salamanca, Inst Agrobiotechnol Res CIALE, Rio Duero 12, Villamayor 37185, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Univ Zaragoza, CITA, Inst Agroalimentario Aragon IA2, Zaragoza 50013, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Universidad de Salamanca - Autor o Coautor
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Resúmen: The methodology used for the determination of macrofungal diversity in Mediterranean areas differs in the time of sampling and the number of years displayed, making it difficult to compare results. Furthermore, the results could be refuted because the studies are being conducted over an insufficient number of years or without considering the variation of the meteorological conditions from one year to the next and its effects on fruiting time, which might not fit the sampling. In order to optimize field work on fungal fruiting in Mediterranean environments dominated by holm oak (Quercus ilex L.), a weekly field analysis of macrofungal diversity from February 2009 to June 2013 was carried out in a Mediterranean holm oak forest in the middle-west of the Iberian Peninsula. The results revealed that fruiting bodies appeared throughout the year and that there was a delay in autumn fruiting, overlapping with spring. All this seems to indicate that weekly collection throughout the year and for a period of two years could be sufficient to estimate the macrofungal biodiversity of this ecosystem.

Palabras clave: biodiversity; conservation; ecosystems; field sampling; fruiting patterns; fungal diversity; mediterranean forests; oak forests; plant diversity; quercus ilex; saprobic fungi; seasonal dynamics; tree; Bosques mediterraneos; Ectomycorrhizal fungal communities; Field sampling; Fungal diversity; Hongos; Macrofungi; Mediterranean forests; Quercus ilex

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