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The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA) (RTA2015-00031-00-00), co-funded by FEDER `Operational Programme Smart-Growth' 2014-2020; and International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies (CIHEAM). Further, we are grateful to three anonymous referees for their helpful insights and George Philippidis for a revision of a previous draft. Finally, the authors are responsible for any remaining errors.

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Sanjuán López, Ana Isabel - Autor (correspondencia)
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Publicaciones > Artículo

The dual trade impact of non-tariff measures: an empirical assessment of China's pork imports

Publicado en:European Review Of Agricultural Economics. 47 (5): 1716-1739 - 2020-12-01 47(5), doi: 10.1093/erae/jbaa005

Sanjuán López, Ana Isabel;

Afiliaciones

Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón - Entidad de origen
Ctr Invest & Tecnol Agroalimentaria Aragon CITA, Avda Montanana 930, Zaragoza 50059, Spain - Autor o Coautor
FEDER 'Operational Programme Smart-Growth' 2014-2020 - Financiador
Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA)Instituto de Investigacion Agropecuaria (INIA) [RTA2015-00031-00-00] - Financiador
International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies (CIHEAM) - Financiador
Univ Zaragoza, CITA, Inst Agroalimentario Aragon IA2, Zaragoza, Spain - Autor o Coautor
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Resúmen

Resúmen: Theoretical arguments and empirical evidence suggest that non-tariff measures (NTMs) generate a mixture of trade effects. Using the maximum level of disaggregation provided by the UNCTAD NTMs database (four-digit), and focusing on those measures applied by China in its pork trade, a gravity equation is estimated with the poisson pseudo maximum likelihood estimator. Results confirm both restricting and promoting effects that higher levels of NTM aggregation mask. Compared to the average tariff applied by main importers (9 per cent) and China (14 per cent), the most restrictive NTMs are more stringent, with ad-valorem equivalents between 15 and 33 per cent. Simulations illustrate the upper bound bilateral trade gain from NTM removal and the resulting repercussions for China's pork import shares.

Palabras clave: Agreements; Agri-food trade; Agricultural economics; Agricultural trade; China; Elasticities; Empirical analysis; Eu; Food industry; Gravity equation; Harmonization; Import; International trade; Livestock farming; Meat; Metaanalysis; Non-tariff measures; Phytosanitary measures; Restrictiveness; Sanitary; Technical barriers

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