Análisis de autorías institucional
Baccour S. - Autor (correspondencia)
Albiac J. - Autor (correspondencia)
Publicaciones > Artículo

Cost-effective mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in the agriculture of aragon, Spain

Publicado en:International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health. 18 (3): 1-19 - 2021-02-01 18(3), doi: 10.3390/ijerph18031084

Baccour S.; Albiac J.;


Centro de Investigaci?n y Tecnolog?a Agroalimentaria de Arag?n - Autor o Coautor
Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón - Entidad de origen
CITA IA2, Dept Agr Econ, Zaragoza 50059, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Int Inst Appl Syst Anal IIASA, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria - Autor o Coautor
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg - Autor o Coautor
Technische Universität Dortmund - Financiador
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Resúmen: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Climate change represents a serious threat to life in earth. Agriculture releases significant emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), but also offers low-cost opportunities to mitigate GHG emissions. This paper assesses agricultural GHG emissions in Aragon, one important and representative region for agriculture in Spain. The Marginal Abatement Cost Curve (MACC) approach is used to analyze the abatement potential and cost-efficiency of mitigation measures under several scenarios, with and without taking into account the interaction among measures and their transaction costs. The assessment identifies the environmental and economic outcomes of different combinations of measures, including crop, livestock and forest measures. Some of these measures are win-win, with pollution abatement at negative costs to farmers. Moreover, we develop future mitigation scenarios for agriculture toward the year 2050. Results highlight the trade-offs and synergies between the economic and environmental outcomes of mitigation measures. The biophysical processes underlying mitigation efforts are assessed taking into account the significant effects of interactions between measures. Interactions reduce the abatement potential and worsen the cost-efficiency of measures. The inclusion of transaction costs provides a better ranking of measures and a more accurate estimation of implementation costs. The scenario analysis shows how the combinations of measures could reduce emissions by up to 75% and promote sustainable agriculture in the future.

Palabras clave: abatement costs; biophysical processes; climate change; cost-efficiency; mitigation measures; policy scenarios; Abatement costs; Biophysical processes; Climate change; Cost-efficiency; Emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero; Mitigation measures; Policy scenarios; Polución por la agricultura; Transaction costs

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