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Grant support

We would like to thank Catedra Adama and the Spanish Weed Science Society (SEMh) for providing financial support for this project. We are grateful to the many students and technicians who assisted with fieldwork at the different experimental locations. We would like to thank the Spanish government for partial funding, through project AVA 2019.020 Advances in Technological Research in Winter Cereals: Genetic Improvement and Sustainable Management, financed with Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) funds (80%). Also, JT acknowledges support from the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (grant Ramon y Cajal RYC2018-023866-I). We thank Enrique Chamber for installing and maintaining the data loggers at the various locations. No conflicts of interest have been declared.

Análisis de autorías institucional
Mari León, Ana Isabel - Autor o Coautor
Publicaciones > Artículo

Modeling the emergence of North African knapweed (Centaurea diluta), an increasingly troublesome weed in Spain

Publicado en:Weed Science. 68 (3): 268-277 - 2020-05-01 68(3), doi: 10.1017/wsc.2020.22

Mari León, Ana Isabel;


ADAMA Agr Espana SA, Madrid, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Assoc Invest Mejora Cult Remolacha Azucarera, Valladolid, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Catedra Adama - Financiador
Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón - Entidad de origen
Cornell Univ, Sch Integrat Plant Sci, Sect Soil & Crop Sci, Ithaca, NY USA - Autor o Coautor
CSIC, Toledo, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Ctr Invest & Tecnol Agroalimentaria, Dept Sanidad Vegetal, Zaragoza, Spain - Autor o Coautor
European Union (EU) Appeared in article as Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) funds - Financiador
Field Trial Serv Agroconsulting, Seville, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Inst Invest & Formac Agr & Pesquera, Protecc Cult, Cordoba, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Inst Nacl Invest & Tecnol Agr & Alimentaria, Dept Sanidad Vegetal, Madrid, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Spanish Government Appeared in article as Spanish Government - Financiador
Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (grant Ramon y Cajal) - Financiador
Spanish Weed Science Society (SEMh) - Financiador
Univ Lleida, Escuela Tecn Super Ingn Agron, Dept Hortofruticultura Bot & Jardineria, Lleida, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Univ Politecn Cataluna, Dept Engn Agroalimentaria & Biotecnol, Barcelona, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Univ Seville, Dept Ciencias Agroforestales, Escuela Tecn Super Ingn Agron, Seville, Spain - Autor o Coautor
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Resúmen: North African knapweed (Centaurea diluta Aiton) is an annual weed that is widespread in southern Spain and is of increasing concern in dryland cropping systems. Despite its expanding range in Spain, there is limited information on the emergence timing and pattern of this species, knowledge of which is critical for developing more timely and effective management strategies. Therefore, there is a need to develop simple and reliable models to predict the timing and emergence of this annual weed under dryland conditions. A multi-location field experiment was established across Spain in 2016 to 2017 to assess the emergence of C. diluta. At each of 11 locations, seeds were sown in the fall, and emergence was recorded. Overall emergence averaged 39% in the first year across all sites and 11% in the second year. In both years, the main emergence flush occurred at the beginning of the growing season. A three-parameter Weibull function best described seedling emergence of C. diluta. Emergence models were developed based on thermal time (TT) and hydrothermal time (HTT) and showed high predictability, as evidenced by root mean-square error prediction values of 10.8 and 10.7, respectively. Three cardinal points were established for TT and HHT at 0.5, 10, and 35 C for base, optimal, and ceiling temperatures, respectively, while base water potential was estimated at -0.5 MPa.

Palabras clave: Dimorphic achenes; Future; Germination; Hydrothermal model; Hydrothermal time; North african knapweed; Period; Rmsep; Seedling emergence; Seedling emergence model; Solstitialis; Thermal model; Weibull

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