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Grant support

This research was supported by the grant RF2009-00015-00-00 from the Institute Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA) and the Research Group A12 of Aragon, Spain.

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Errea, Pilar - Autor o Coautor
Pina, Ana - Autor (correspondencia)
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Publicaciones > Artículo

Genetic diversity of Spanish Prunus domestica L. germplasm reveals a complex genetic structure underlying

Publicado en:Plos One. 13 (4): e0195591- - 2018-04-01 13(4), doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195591

Errea, Pilar; Pina, Ana;

Afiliaciones

Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón - Entidad de origen
Departamento de Producción Agraria, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Campus Arrosadia s/n, Pamplona, Spain. - Autor o Coautor
Institute Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA)Instituto de Investigacion Agropecuaria (INIA) [RF2009 -00015-00-00] - Financiador
Research Group of Aragon, Spain [A12] - Financiador
Unidad de Hortofruticultura, Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (CITA), Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón-IA2 (CITA-Universidad de Zaragoza), Avda. Montañana, Zaragoza, Spain. - Autor o Coautor
Univ Publ Navarra, Dept Prod Agr, Campus Arrosadia S-N, Pamplona, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Univ Zaragoza, Ctr Invest & Tecnol Agroalimentaria Aragon CITA, IA2, Unidad Hortofruticultura,CITA, Avda Montanana, Zaragoza, Spain - Autor o Coautor
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Resúmen

Resúmen: European plum (Prunus domestica L.) is an ancient domesticated species cultivated in temperate areas worldwide whose genetic structure has been scarcely analyzed to date. In this study, a broad representation of Spanish European plum germplasm collected in Northeastern Spain and a representative set of reference cultivars were compared using nuclear and chloroplast markers. The number of alleles per locus detected with the SSR markers ranged from 8 to 39, with an average of 23.4 alleles, and 8 haplotypes were identified. Bayesian model-based clustering, minimum spanning networks, and the analysis of molecular variance showed the existence of a hierarchical structure. At the first level, two genetic groups were found, one containing 'Reine Claude' type reference cultivars altogether with ca. 25% of local genotypes, and a second one much more diverse. This latter group split in two groups, one containing most (ca. 70%) local genotypes and some old Spanish and French reference cultivars, whereas the other included 24 reference cultivars and only six local genotypes. A third partition level allowed a significant finer delineation into five groups. As a whole, the genetic structure of European plum from Northeastern Spain was shown to be complex and conditioned by a geographical proximity factor. This study not only contributes to genetic conservation and breeding for this species at the national level, but also supports the relevance of undertaking similar tasks of collection and characterization in other unexplored areas. Moreover, this kind of research could lead to future coordinated actions for the examination of the whole European plum diversity, to define conservation strategies, and could be used to better understand the genetic control of traits of horticultural interest through association mapping.

Palabras clave: Amplification; Chloroplast dna variation; Cultivars; Hybridization; Identification; Microsatellite markers; Mitochondrial; Peach; Persica l.; Plum germplasm

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