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Grant support

This research was funded by an administrative arrangement between the Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD) and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission.

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Philippidis, George - Autor (correspondencia)
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Publicaciones > Artículo

The Good, the Bad and the Uncertain: Bioenergy Use in the European Union

Publicado en:Energies. 11 (10): - 2018-01-01 11(10), doi: 10.3390/en11102703

Philippidis, George;

Afiliaciones

Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón - Entidad de origen
DG RTD - Financiador
European Commiss, Joint Res Ctr, Seville 41092, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Govt Aragon, Ctr Agrofood Res & Technol CITA, Aragonese Agcy Res & Dev ARAID, Zaragoza 50059, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Joint Research Centre of the European Commission - Financiador
Wageningen Univ & Res, Wageningen Econ Res, Alexanderveld 5, NL-2585 The Hague, Netherlands - Autor o Coautor
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Resúmen

Resúmen: As the EU is moving towards a low carbon economy and seeks to further develop its renewable energy policy, this paper quantitatively investigates the impact of plausible energy market reforms from the perspective of bio-renewables. Employing a state-of-the-art biobased variant of a computable general equilibrium model, this study assesses the perceived medium-term benefits, risks and trade-offs which arise from an advanced biofuels plan, two exploratory scenarios of a more sustainable' conventional biofuels plan and a no-mandate' scenario. Consistent with more recent studies, none of the scenarios considered present significant challenges to EU food-security or agricultural land usage. An illustrative advanced biofuels plan simulation requires non-trivial public support to implement whilst a degree of competition for biomass with (high-value) advanced biomass material industries is observed. On the other hand, it significantly alleviates land use pressures, whilst lignocellulose biomass prices are not expected to increase to unsustainable levels. Clearly, these observations are subject to assumptions on technological change, sustainable biomass limits, expected trends in fossil fuel prices and EU access to third-country trade. With these same caveats in mind, the switch to increased bioethanol production does not result in significant market tensions in biomass markets.

Palabras clave: Advanced technologies; Agricultural production; Bio-chemicals; Bio-energy; Biomass; Economic modelling; Eu biofuel policies; Framework; Impacts; Land use; Land-use change; Magnet model; Model; Trade

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