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This work was supported by Seneca Foundation of Murcia (19903/GERM/15) and by the project RITECAROR-RTI2018-093997-B-100 (MCIU/AEI/FEDER, UE).

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Zugasti López, Inés - Autor (correspondencia)
Publicaciones > Artículo

Substrate composition affects the development of water stress and subsequent recovery by inducing physiological changes in Cistus albidus plants

Publicado en:Plant Physiology And Biochemistry. 158 125-135 - 2021-01-01 158(), doi: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2020.11.048

Zugasti López, Inés;


19903/GERM/15RITECAROR-RTI2018-093997-B-100 Seneca Foundation of Murcia - Financiador
Campus Univ Espinardo, CEBAS CSIC, Fruit Tree Biotechnol Grp, Dept Plant Breeding, POB 164, E-30100 Murcia, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Campus Univ Espinardo, CEBAS CSIC, Irrigat Dept, POB 164, E-30100 Murcia, Spain - Autor o Coautor
Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón - Entidad de origen
UPCT, Dept Agr Engn, Cartagena 30203, Spain - Autor o Coautor
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Resúmen: Organic residues (compost) can be used as growth medium but may contain phytotoxic ions that, combined with a water deficit may alter the behavior of plants. The experiment was carried out in a growth chamber with Cistus albidus in a commercial substrate, C (sphagnum peat, coconut fiber and perlite, 8:7:1) and a mixture of compost substrates, Cp (slurry compost, coconut fiber and perlite, 3:6:1). Plants were grown in pots under well-watered, maintaining values of Psi(1) around -0.9 MPa (WW) and water-stressed (WS) conditions, where the irrigation was removed until reached values of Psi(1) around -3.0 MPa (water stress period), after then, water was re-established in all plants (recovery period). Although, the well-watered plants had a leaf water potential (Psi(1)) around -0.9 MPa, stomatal conductance (g(s)) was 125 mmol m(-2)s(-1) in the commercial substrate and 30 mmol m(-2)s(-1) in compost. The time taken to reach the threshold value at which water stress occurs was 13 days in the commercial substrate and 53 days in compost. Water-stressed plants in the commercial substrate had significantly lower values of Psi(1) and g(s) than well-watered. Plants in compost maintained values of g(s) similar in both irrigation treatments (WW and WS) and accumulated less biomass than those that grown in commercial. The water stress in compost led an increase in the adaxial epidermis, parenchyma and mesophyll, whereas water stress in commercial the proportions of the different tissues decreased. Higher lipid peroxidation values were found in plants grown in both substrates under water stress. The recovery time of the plants, until manage Ti values around -0.9 MPa, depended on the type of substrate. The restoration of irrigation in commercial substrate act as a new stress, as reflected in the photochemical mechanisms.

Palabras clave: chlorophyll fluorescence; lipid peroxidation; mineral content; osmotic stress; substrate; Abscisic-acid; Chlorophyll fluorescence; Chlorophyll-a fluorescence; Deficit irrigation; Drought stress; Growth; Lipid peroxidation; Mineral content; Ornamental plants; Osmotic stress; Photosynthesis; Responses; Stomatal conductance; Substrate; Use efficiency; Water relations

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