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Ferrer Perez, Hugo - Autor o Coautor
Publicaciones > Artículo

Organic and Geographical Indication Certifications' Contributions to Employment and Education

Publicado en:Journal Of Agricultural And Food Industrial Organization. - 2021-12-01 (), doi: 10.1515/jafio-2019-0042

Ferrer Perez, Hugo;


ANU College of Business & - Autor o Coautor
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Autor o Coautor
Budapesti Corvinus Egyetem - Autor o Coautor
Centre d'Economie et Sociologie Appliquées à l'Agriculture et aux Espaces Ruraux - Autor o Coautor
ECO-SENSUS Research and Communication Non-profit Ltd. - Autor o Coautor
Economics - Autor o Coautor
ECOZEPT - Autor o Coautor
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme - Financiador
INRAE - Autor o Coautor
Kasetsart University - Autor o Coautor
Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University - Autor o Coautor
Statens institutt for forbruksforskning - Autor o Coautor
Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego - Autor o Coautor
Universidad CEU San Pablo - Entidad de origen
Universita degli Studi della Tuscia Viterbo - Autor o Coautor
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - Autor o Coautor
University of Belgrade - Autor o Coautor
University of Economics Ho Chi Minh City - Autor o Coautor
University of Parma - Autor o Coautor
University of Zagreb - Autor o Coautor
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Resúmen: In this paper, we test to what extent Food Quality Schemes (FQS, including Geographical Indications and organic products) contribute to the social and economic sustainability of farmers and regions through employment and education. Through employment, FQS may counter the urban migration trend affecting rural regions, and help retain economic and social capital in the local region. Indeed, as FQS are often small and specialised sectors, the economic inefficiency of such businesses may translated into greater employment and social sustainability. Separately, by requiring a higher-level of quality and hence skills, FQS may encourage greater local educational attainment or skilled immigration. To test these propositions, we analyse the employment and educational outcomes of 25 FQS. Our results show that the FQS products examined have a 13% higher labour usage (labour-To-production ratio) compared to reference products, indicating that they provide greater employment. Additionally, wage levels are 32% higher in FQS compared to references. Despite providing greater employment and higher wages, profitability of FQS (i.e. how much turnover/profit is generated per employee) is nevertheless 32% higher for FQS compared to reference products, due to the ability to attract higher product prices. Finally, there is no clear link between FQS and greater (or lower) education attainment in the supply chain. Overall, our results suggest that FQS can provide a strong contribution to local employment, employee income and business profits, strengthening the social and economic sustainability of producers and regions.

Palabras clave: Alternative food; Education; Employment; Food quality schemes; Geographical indication; Organic; Social sustainability; Sustainable agriculture

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